Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Elaine Steiro from McDonald's to give some advice for people considering this job:


Elaine Steiro



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  Elaine Steiro

If you are considering starting in the food/ catering or hospitality sectors, you should consider whether you like working shift work and you should like working in a pressured environment .

It is a very fulfilling and rewarding sector to work in though and every day is different with new skills being added to your skillset all of the time . If you are considering moving into the management side of things, then you should be able to co ordinate tasks and people to achieve results and you should like an ever changing work environment.


Not surprisingly, some aspect of the natural sciences will run through the Naturalists interests - from ecological awareness to nutrition and health. People with an interest in horticulture, land usage and farming (including fish) are Naturalists.

Some Naturalists focus on animals rather than plants, and may enjoy working with, training, caring for, or simply herding them. Other Naturalists will prefer working with the end result of nature's produce - the food produced from plants and animals. Naturalists like solving problems with solutions that show some sensitivity to the environmental impact of what they do. They like to see practical results, and prefer action to talking and discussing.
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Out of Pocket Expenses

In circumstances where a person receiving a relevant Social Welfare payment agrees to attend a specified short-term course of education, training or development that is initiated and organised by a Department Facilitator, s/he will be paid "out of pocket expenses".

The "Out of Pocket Expenses" is a payment towards costs i.e. meal and travel that participants may incur as a result of participation on a course of education, training or development.

NOTE: Out of Pocket Expenses are payable only to JA/JB recipients who agree to attend specified short-term courses of education, training and development that are initiated and organised by a Facilitator. The course of education, training or development must be initiated and organised by a Facilitator through locally based service providers i.e. Vocational Education Committees, SOLAS, HSE, Aontas, NALA etc. and should be up to 18 weeks (this can be extended to 26 weeks with approval).

JA/JB recipients who secure a place on an approved course of education, training or development themselves are not eligible for payment of Out of Pocket Expenses.

Rate of Out of Pocket Expenses

Out of Pocket Expenses is paid at a weekly rate of €32.00 (May 2007) for Jobseekers Allowance or Jobseekers Benefit recipients who agree to attend a course of study/training for three days or more per week. This is reduced to a weekly rate of €20.00 for participants who agree to attend a course of study/training for two days or less per week.

This payment is in recognition of the fact that attendance on a specified course may entail expenses for those on a small budget. The payment towards costs i.e. meal and travel that participants may incur as a result of participation on a course of education, training and development.

There is no extra payment or allowance if you are doing a Momentum course. These courses do not attract out-of-pocket expenses.

The provision of out-of-pocket expenses is administrative. This means a decision to refuse you out-of-pocket expenses cannot be appealed to the Social Welfare Appeals Office.

This additional payment is not taken into account as means in the assessment of Jobseeker’s Allowance, but it may affect the amount of Rent Supplement or Mortgage Interest Supplement you are getting.

For further information on Out of Pocket Expenses click here
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Yes I plan to go back this year and finish off my engineering exams for the class one engineer.
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