Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Edel Butler from Irish Tax Institute to give some advice for people considering this job:

Edel Butler

Administrative Officer

Irish Tax Institute

Read more

Edel Butler
I think a career in tax is very rewarding and is an enjoyable career. There are a varied number of jobs which are available to someone with a tax qualification, including private practice, industry, Revenue, lecturing etc. The role of a tax adviser in practice or indeed within Revenue is, in my experience, extremely varied and challenging.

I would advise college students who are considering a career in tax to look into placements offered by their colleges / summer internships. I know from my time spent in private practice that a great number of the bigger accountancy / tax practice offer such positions to college students. This is a great way for such students to get a feel for what a career in tax entails and will help them in making a decision as to whether or not tax is something that they would enjoy.

Not surprisingly, some aspect of the natural sciences will run through the Naturalists interests - from ecological awareness to nutrition and health. People with an interest in horticulture, land usage and farming (including fish) are Naturalists.

Some Naturalists focus on animals rather than plants, and may enjoy working with, training, caring for, or simply herding them. Other Naturalists will prefer working with the end result of nature's produce - the food produced from plants and animals. Naturalists like solving problems with solutions that show some sensitivity to the environmental impact of what they do. They like to see practical results, and prefer action to talking and discussing.
All Courses
PLC Progression Routes
PLC Points Calculator
CAO Points Calculator
CAO Video Guide

Galway Technical Institute
Cavan Monaghan ETB Training Services
Dun Laoghaire Further Education Institute
Career Interviews
Sector Profiles
School Subjects (LC)
College Courses
Study Skills
Work Experience (School)
CV & Interview Preparation


logo imagelogo image
In Summary header image


An Electrician is involved in the installation, commissioning, testing and maintenance of various wiring systems and services in domestic, commercial and industrial applications.

Mark Maguire, Electrical Apprentice, Design Group

The work of an Electrician ranges from wiring of domestic houses, offices and retail units to more complex systems involving instrumentation, process control and maintenance in industrial plants, hospitals and power stations.

Electricians also service, maintain and repair electrical equipment, both domestic and industrial.

Electricians employed by the Electricity Supply Board (ESB) engage in electrical power supply and distribution.

Electricians employed by electrical contractors are usually engaged in the installation of lighting, heating and power equipment and the repair of existing equipment and appliances.

Those in industrial employment are generally engaged in the maintenance and repair of factory plant, machinery and generating equipment.

Video: Emmett Grogan, Assist Electrical Services Ltd. 

Note: Experience has shown that higher grades of entry than those suggested by SOLAS are preferred for the Electrical Apprenticeship, due to the technical nature of the Electrical trade.

Employers typically seek applicants who have completed Leaving Cert including Maths (with at least a grade O5 (grade C3 pre-2017) in Ordinary Level Maths) and preferably Physics.

Training header image

Phase 1: With Employer

  • Induction Training
  • Introduction to Health & Safety
  • Introduction to Tools & Equipment
  • Introduction to Basic Skills
Phase 2: Delivered in Training Centre (20 weeks)
Course Content:
  • Induction Electricity 1
  • Installation Techniques 1 (Domestic)
  • Installation Techniques 2 (Industrial)
  • Panel Wiring and Motor Control
  • Related Theory 
Phase 3:
With Employer Work Based Training and Assessments

Phase 4: Delivered in Educational College (11 weeks)
Course Content:
  • Electricity 2
  • Power Distribution 1
  • Electronics 1
  • Related Theory 
Phase 5: With Employer Work Based Training and Assessments

Phase 6: Delivered in Educational College (11 weeks)
Course Content:
  • Automation Control
  • Access Control and Alarm Systems
  • Electricity 3
  • Power Distribution 2
  • Electronics 2
  • Related Theory 
Phase 7: With Employer Work Based Training and Assessments

The overall duration of this apprenticeship is a minimum of 4 years provided all phases are successfully completed.

On successful completion of the programme the learner is awarded a Level 6 Advanced Certificate Craft - Electrical.

Personal Qualities header image

As an Electrician you will need to be physically active and to be able to work with your hands.

An awareness of health and safety and good housekeeping is essential as well as attention to detail and an eye for the aesthetic.

The Electrician must have the ability to:

  • Plan and organise
  • Communicate eff ectively
  • Solve problems
  • Work independently and as part of a team
  • Show a positive attitude
  • Recognise the need for good customer relations
  • Demonstrate good work practices including time keeping, tidiness, responsibility, quality awareness and safety awareness

Work Activities header image

  • Learning and developing new practical craft-related skills, knowledge and competence
  • Working with and learning from experienced Craftspersons
  • Seeing a job through from start to finish
  • Comply with Health and Safety requirements
  • Understanding and using physics
  • Working with electricity or electronics
  • Being accurate with numbers in counting, measuring and arithmetic
  • Completing detailed tasks that requires accuracy and careful handling
  • Working with technical drawings and diagrams
  • Working with a variety of specialised hand tools, power tools and equipment
  • Being well organised and careful with practical tasks
  • Lifting or carrying heavy items
  • Taking responsibility for their own learning, including the allocation of study time
  • Being physically active
  • Bending and Kneeling
  • Passing all your phase exams (theory, practicals skills demonstration)
  • Earning as you learn

Pay & Fees header image

Funding Arrangements

All apprentices are paid a Training Allowance while attending off-the-job training in training centres or college, and an Apprentice Rate of pay during the on-the-job phases of their apprenticeship.

Details of the Training Allowances payable are available here.

What apprentice rate wages are paid?

Apprentice rates are paid for the on-the-job phases of apprenticeships. The actual rates paid may vary depending on the occupation and employer. Generally, the rates will increase in a number of steps during the apprenticeship. For example:


All other Trades




€ / hr

€ / hr

1st Year Rate

2nd Year Rate

3rd Year Rate

4th Year Rate









Note: You should always seek details of specific rates of pay for apprentices from prospective employers.

Apprentice Student Contribution

The Annual Student Contribution is levied on students attending Higher Education Institutions including Institutes of Technology. As part of the changes included in Budget 2014, apprentices now pay the same contribution as full time students, but their contribution is based on the time they spend in the Institute or College.

The Student Contribution is payable to the IoT /College on the date of registration for the training phase. You should consult the relevant IoT/College for details of payment options.

Note: Apprentices are required to pay an examination fee to the IoT or College for repeat exams. 

Female Apprentices' bursary for employers

To promote the entry of women into the designated apprenticeships, a bursary is available to employers to encourage an increased level of recruitment of female apprentices.

For more information Click here or contact your local ETB Training Centre.

Entry Requirements header image

The minimum age at which the employment of an apprentice may commence is 16 years of age. 
The minimum educational requirements are: 
1. Grade D in five subjects in the Department of Education & Skills Junior Certificate Examination or an approved equivalent,
2. The successful completion of an approved Pre-Apprenticeship course 
3. Three years’ work experience gained over sixteen years of age in a relevant designated industrial activity as SOLAS shall deem acceptable 

Note: These are the current approved minimum educational requirements for apprenticeship programmes, however, previous experience of the following subjects would be an advantage but not essential:

  • Mathematics
  • Technology
  • Technical Drawing/Graphics
  • Physics
  • Construction Studies
Note: Experience has shown that higher grades of entry than those suggested by SOLAS are preferred for the Electrical Apprenticeship, due to the technical nature of the Electrical trade.

Employers typically seek applicants who have completed Leaving Cert including Maths (with at least a grade  O5 (grade C3 pre-2017) in Ordinary Level Maths) and preferably Physics.

Getting an Apprenticeship header image

You must obtain employment as an apprentice in your chosen occupation.

  • The employer must be approved to train apprentices.
  • The employer must register you as an apprentice within two weeks of recruitment.
Note: Electrical Apprenticeship applicants are required to pass a colour vision test approved by SOLAS.
Are you interested in a construction apprenticeship?
If so, register your interest by creating an account and uploading a short personal profile via this link.

Career Opportunities header image

On successful completion of the apprenticeship programme, apprentices are qualified to work within the recognised trade or profession. 

Where apprentices and craftspersons have the necessary ability, initiative and basic qualifications, opportunities are available for advancement. These include advanced technology courses and management courses which are available in Institutes of Technology, Schools of Management and Professional Institutes.

Many craftspersons use their apprenticeship qualification as a platform to launch careers such as engineers, managers, owners of businesses, teachers and instructors amongst others.

Following successful completion of your Electrical Apprenticeship you can get an exemption from Year 1 of a Level 8 Electrical Engineering Degree. 

Did you know ...

Qualified Electricians who are finished their Apprenticeship training can immediately earn up to €43,000 per annum. There is significant demand for Electricians across the Pharmaceutical and Technology sectors. Companies in these areas employ large numbers of Electricians.

The trade is also very transferable across industry sectors as well as being valuable internationally.

For top-level apprentices with a desire to advance, potential career progression routes include:

  • Site Supervisor
  • Project Manager
  • Contracts Manager
For those with entrepreneurial flair, setting up your own business is a desirable next step.

Occupation Profile header image

Progression Routes header image

Occupation Data


Industry Expert(s)

Find Vacancies

Apprentice Electrician