Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Oisin McGrath from Defence Forces to give some advice for people considering this job:

Oisin McGrath

Lieutenant - Pilot - Air Corp

Defence Forces

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Oisin McGrath

If you are seriously considering applying for the Air Corps you should check the pre-required Leaving Certificate subjects as outlined in the cadetship booklet. This is very important!!

Also, if applying you should get the details of the fitness test from the cadetship booklet and make sure you can do each of the disciplines well before the fitness test...a lot of people fail this part of the application process, and it can be passed easily!

If possible, you should organise a visit to Baldonnel through somebody that you know or maybe even your school...just to get familiar with the aircraft and to see the daily operation of the Air Corps.


Realists are usually interested in 'things' - such as buildings, mechanics, equipment, tools, electronics etc. Their primary focus is dealing with these - as in building, fixing, operating or designing them. Involvement in these areas leads to high manual skills, or a fine aptitude for practical design - as found in the various forms of engineering.

Realists like to find practical solutions to problems using tools, technology and skilled work. Realists usually prefer to be active in their work environment, often do most of their work alone, and enjoy taking decisive action with a minimum amount of discussion and paperwork.
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A Constantly Evolving Career in Compliance

Taking in to account the ever changing regulatory environment with new and emerging legislation in the current market, Donal Whelan, Manager for Compliance at Robert Walters Ireland, has created an informative article on the constantly evolving career in compliance for employers, and current or prospective compliance professionals.

The evolving skill sets required for a career in compliance.

Robert Walters’ most recent European Job Index (a report which tracks job advertisement volumes across Ireland and Europe) showed a 10% increase in compliance opportunities advertised over the last 12 months. The skill sets most in demand are consumer regulation, MiFID, funds, conduct of business and financial crime. This highlights the evolving nature of the world of compliance as these roles did not exist in a stand alone capacity 5 years ago, and there was little demand in the Irish market for such specialist skill sets.

An increase in the level of regulatory pressure at a domestic and European level is clearly visible within the field of compliance. Tighter controls are being established in relation to issues such as financial crime, consumer protection and investor protection, resulting in significant demand for employees with experience and skill in these areas.

Factors such as a firm’s risk rating, its existing compliance resources, emerging regulation and budgetary issues can greatly impact the skill set sought by each regulated entity. This can determine how specialist or generalist a compliance role may be. Larger firms tend to seek individuals with specialist skill sets, whether this is for anti-money laundering, monitoring or prudential regulation, while smaller firms demand a more generalist skill set. Budgetary and headcount constraints often result in these firms seeking candidates who can carry out multiple tasks within the compliance function. For example, roles incorporating both risk and compliance have recently become more frequent.

There are clear merits in each of the above scenarios from the perspective of the job seeker; as a specialist in one area, it is possible to carve out a career as a subject matter expert, with AML and data protection being the prime examples. Regarding the generalist route, several career avenues can be taken, such as consulting and central compliance roles. 

In recent years, we have witnessed compliance playing a key part from product development stage, influencing the decision on whether a firm should or should not pursue certain products or enter new markets. Strong technical knowledge and communication skills are vital in this regard. Continuous professional development is a major factor when one is carving out a career in compliance, particularly when taking in to account the ever changing regulatory environment with new and emerging legislation constantly on the agenda.

Managing the impact of financial crime is also key within compliance, with anti-money laundering fast becoming a distinct function within the role. The ability to actively play a part in the development and implementation of policies and procedures provides a distinct advantage in relation to career progression. With new regulation; foresight and the ability to monitor for upstream regulation is fundamental to a role in compliance.

There are a number of backgrounds that transfer very well and contribute greatly to a successful career in compliance:

  • Legal: Firstly, and probably most common, is the legal qualification. Whether it is a qualified solicitor and/or an individual with an LLB or LLM, this is highly sought after within compliance roles and is very attractive to many employers. The most common reason given by those with a legal background to move into compliance is that these positions allow professionals to move closer to a business and work in a role that can actively influence key stakeholders at the same time. The key transferrable skill within this area is the ability to interpret legislation and decipher how it impacts the business.
  • Accountancy: Professionals with accounting qualifications tend to be numerically and analytically strong, which transfers well to compliance monitoring roles. It is also evident that these professionals have the ability to bridge the gap between the business and its prudential obligations constructively. Advisory positions can also be very suitable for individuals with this background, as well as investment compliance roles, given the complexity of these positions.
  • Operations: Professionals with a background in operations not only bring knowledge of products and markets to a role, they also have experience and understand the operational side of a business well, which can be extremely useful when assessing and conveying the impact that regulation has on a firm.
  • Ex-regulators: Professionals who have experience working in the regulator are often sought after. They can offer firms a unique insight into how businesses should deal with regulatory change. Having a relationship with the regulator is a key element in the compliance function, so someone who has previous work experience there can have a lot to offer
  • Graduates: Many firms favour promoting internally and recruiting, where possible, at a junior level. Graduates who often come from a legal, accounting, business or economics background are recruited and later seek to pursue the ACOI qualifications. We have witnessed an increase in graduates choosing compliance as their initial career path given the longevity and career progression on offer.

In recent years, the dynamic has changed considerably when considering how a compliance career can develop. ACOI qualifications are now crucial, while learning how to become a business partner and developing knowledge of upstream regulation can work as a distinct advantage. The ability to see the ‘bigger picture’ and to analyse the impact of regulatory change is vital. Managing the implementation of new regulation, as well as the ability to negotiate and build relationships, has become extremely important when considering career progression within compliance.

Seeking a new opportunity? To discuss your current compliance recruitment needs in more detail, please contact:



Article by: Donal Whelan, Manager - Compliance Robert Walters