Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Paul Dowling from Teagasc to give some advice for people considering this job:


Paul Dowling



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  Paul Dowling
Ideally, try and get a job in the industry for a summer, or get a bit of experience before you go into it. You have to be happy with working outside, and doing physical work. If you are not prepared to work hard or are looking for a soft job, don't go into Landscaping. Design is very sexy at the moment, everyone wants to be a designer, a Landscape Designer. It's different on the ground, you have to be out there on sites in all weather and you have to make sure projects are managed well and you're able to muck in with everyone else. Biology is most important for anyone going into Horticulture or Landscaping as it covers propagation and helps with the identification of plant names, species and families through the universal use of Latin. Chemistry is also helpful as the use of various chemicals is a constant in horticulture. The chemical content and dangers of fertilizers, herbicides and insecticides in use in Amenity Horticulture needs to be understood anyone going into this business. Geography would be a relevant subject as well. Also, the simple things like having a full, clean driving licence, which can make you a lot more employable if you are trying for a job with a Landscape Conractor. This indicates that you are more mobile and can also drive a company van if needed. Be sure you're happy with the outdoor life. Having taken a Horticulture course will give you an advantage. However, it's possible to take a job first and study later, e.g. in IT Blanchardstown it is possible to study at night. I think you cannot beat doing the Diploma Course in the National Botanic Gardens because it is a good practical course which also covers all the theory and is invaluable for gaining plant knowledge.

Not surprisingly, some aspect of the natural sciences will run through the Naturalists interests - from ecological awareness to nutrition and health. People with an interest in horticulture, land usage and farming (including fish) are Naturalists.

Some Naturalists focus on animals rather than plants, and may enjoy working with, training, caring for, or simply herding them. Other Naturalists will prefer working with the end result of nature's produce - the food produced from plants and animals. Naturalists like solving problems with solutions that show some sensitivity to the environmental impact of what they do. They like to see practical results, and prefer action to talking and discussing.
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Blacksmith Forges Art with Sparks of Inspiration

What I love about this work is that it has so many areas – I can change from gates to sculpture, from large pieces to restoration work and bespoke furniture, which keeps it interesting"- John Hogan, Blacksmith.  

En route to Killala to meet John Hogan at his forge, I was anticipating the “door into the dark”, the “unpredictable fantail of sparks” not to speak of the “hammer anvil’s short-pitched ring”, sights and sounds of a blacksmith’s vividly described by Seamus Heaney in The Forge.

But Hogan was not beating iron out that day and all was quiet in his workshop and showroom located in the now-abandoned Asashi factory outside Ballina. “The Japanese lads used to have their dinner here,” he smiles, waving his hand around the former canteen which now houses displays of his steel artistry and awards.

Pride of place is a massive, ornate steel bed composed of swirling curlicues and scrolls, sections of brass-railed staircases, steel-legged tables and smaller pieces such as maquettes destined to be bigger sculptures. One called Dole, a column of miniature standing stones ending with a door, was done on a whim, he explains.

“They were left over pieces from a gate at St Patrick’s College in Dublin and when I cut them off they looked like little figures, so I put in a door at the end so it looked like a dole queue – a familiar sight at that time”, he recalls ruefully.

Racks of iron and steel

Two of his sculptures are now familiar landmarks in Ballina – one on a roundabout is called Bradanach or salmon, a leaping fish in shiny stainless-steel inset with 50 smaller salmon shapes. Also commemorating the town’s fame as a fly-fishing capital is another, a 15ft-high flamboyant flourish of steel, commissioned by Hollister the US medical products company, in Ballina two years ago, inspired by the swirl of the fly fishermen’s lines on the Moy.

In his workshop, fierce-looking, heavy- duty machinery – lathes, forges, power hammers, steel-shaping presses, rolling, sandblasting and lifting equipment – line the walls alongside racks of iron and steel, the hefty materials that he beats into shape. “The machines allow you to do the same thing by hand, but on a bigger scale”, explains. “I work with big stuff, but the machines take the load.” One side of a huge metal gate for a house in Sligo, for example, rests on clamped trestles awaiting completion.

“What I love about this work is that it has so many areas – I can change from gates to sculpture, from large pieces to restoration work and bespoke furniture, which keeps it interesting,” says this bearded and stocky young guy whose career in decorative ironwork developed almost by chance.

“At school, there was no metalwork, but I was quite good at woodwork and had very little interest in anything else. When I finished, I heard that a new course on blacksmithing had just opened in Belmullet. I’d love to say I wanted to do it, but to be honest I wanted to head to Dublin straight out of school like a bat out of hell.”

His final-year project, a swinging bench, caught the eye of one of the judges, Colm Bagnell of Bushy Park Ironworks in Dublin, who immediately offered him a job. “So I went to Dublin and stayed for five years and learned a lot – it was at the height of the boom and it got me from small to large-scale work and removed any sense of limitations I had of what was possible,” he recalls. There were elaborate indoor staircases for rich clients, gates for private wine cellars, traditional and modern railings, gates for Birr Castle and Trinity College, and other interesting commissions.

After five years, he decided to set up his own company, Iron Excellence, back home in Mayo and since then, through word of mouth and his website, has attracted interesting private as well as public projects including garden sculpture for Ruth Liddle at Bloom, gates and staircases for private clients and the restoration of a 19th-century curvilinear conservatory in Louth, which took a year to complete.

Possibilities are endless

“We stripped the entire thing down, tagged every piece, mapped everything in wrought and cast iron, and remade the curved top. It took three months to put together.” The building is now shortlisted for an award. Some of his pieces have even travelled to Australia and New York. 

Working in tandem with clients, he sketches designs, transfers them to a timber template from which the pieces are forged in steel. “My work would be art nouveau in style in its flow. I like clean lines and organic shapes – I can’t stand things that don’t flow properly. The quality has to be right. A lot is about testing your own limits and moving forward design and scale- wise.

“I work with architects, interior and garden designers, conservation and heritage officers and after all that, it is nice to design your own pieces. The possibilities are endless. When you can create something unique, that’s where the excitement comes in.”

The Irish Times, 10/10/14

Article by: Deirdre McQuillan