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Occupation Details

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Meteorologist / Weather Forecaster

Job Zone

Most of these occupations require qualifications at NFQ Levels 7 or 8 (Ordinary / Honours Degrees) but some do not.

Related Experience
A considerable amount of work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is needed for these occupations. For example, you may need to complete three - four years of college and work for several years in the career area to be considered qualified.

Job Training
Employees in these occupations usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

Job Zone Examples
Many of these occupations involve coordinating, supervising, managing, or training others. Examples include accountants, sales managers, computer programmers, chemists, environmental engineers, criminal investigators, and financial analysts.

€25k > 70
Salary Range
(thousands per year)*
€25 - 70
Related Information:
Data Source(s):

Last Updated: March, 2017

* The lower figures typically reflect starting salaries. Higher salaries are awarded to those with greater experience and responsibility. Positions in Dublin sometimes command higher salaries.
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At a Glance... header image

Studies the weather and weather systems to forecast future weather conditions.

Videos & Interviews header image

The Work header image

Meteorologists study the Earth's atmosphere and the effect it has on the Earth's surface. They monitor and interpret atmospheric conditions and use their observations to make short-term weather forecasts. Some meteorologists study and measure global climate change over longer periods, and assess the implications of this for humans and the environment.  
Meteorologists are best known as television weather forecasters, but most of their work goes unseen by the public. They compile weather forecasts from measurements and observations of conditions like humidity, cloud level, wind, temperature and pressure. Data is collected at fixed times of the day, and from a variety of sources. These include ground based observation stations, ships, aircraft, satellites, and radar stations, which may be used to measure rainfall.  
The collected data may be analysed using computers, which can make millions of calculations per second. Meteorologists are then able to interpret results, produce computer models, and plot maps and charts. The weather forecasts provided by MET Eireann include gale and storm tide warnings.  
As well as advising the public, meteorologists provide information for industry and agriculture. Commercial aviation and shipping, power generation companies, and air, sea and mountain rescue services all rely on fast, accurate forecasts.  
Some meteorologists study the world's climate change, and global weather systems. They measure changes annually, comparing these to past yearly records, including recorded temperatures dating back to the nineteenth century.  
Meteorologists may use their knowledge to solve practical problems in society and industry. For example, they suggest the best place to put an oil rig, based on their knowledge of gales, wave heights and storm tides, or help local councils to prevent flood damage.

Tasks & Activitiesheader image

The following is a list of the most commonly reported tasks and activities for this occupation


Broadcast weather conditions, forecasts, or severe weather warnings to the public via television, radio, or the Internet or provide this information to the news media.


Prepare weather reports or maps for analysis, distribution, or use in weather broadcasts, using computer graphics.


Interpret data, reports, maps, photographs, or charts to predict long- or short-range weather conditions, using computer models and knowledge of climate theory, physics, and mathematics.


Develop or use mathematical or computer models for weather forecasting.


Gather data from sources such as surface or upper air stations, satellites, weather bureaus, or radar for use in meteorological reports or forecasts.


Prepare forecasts or briefings to meet the needs of industry, business, government, or other groups.


Measure wind, temperature, and humidity in the upper atmosphere, using weather balloons.


Conduct numerical simulations of climate conditions to understand and predict global or regional weather patterns.


Direct forecasting services at weather stations or at radio or television broadcasting facilities.


Formulate predictions by interpreting environmental data, such as meteorological, atmospheric, oceanic, paleoclimate, climate, or related information.

Work Activities header image

The following is a list of the most commonly reported work activities in this occupation.


Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge: Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.


Communicating with Persons Outside Organization: Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.


Processing Information: Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.


Analyzing Data or Information: Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.


Getting Information: Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.


Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events: Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.


Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others: Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.


Making Decisions and Solving Problems: Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.


Thinking Creatively: Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.


Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships: Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

Knowledge header image

The following is a list of the five most commonly reported knowledge areas for this occupation.


Physics: Knowledge and prediction of physical principles, laws, their interrelationships, and applications to understanding fluid, material, and atmospheric dynamics, and mechanical, electrical, atomic and sub- atomic structures and processes.


Mathematics: Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.


Geography: Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.


Computers and Electronics: Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.


English Language: Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

Skillsheader image

The following is a list of the most commonly reported skills used in this occupation.


Science: Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.


Reading Comprehension: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.


Writing: Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.


Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.


Active Learning: Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.


Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.


Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.


Judgment and Decision Making: Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.


Complex Problem Solving: Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.


Monitoring: Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

Personal Qualitiesheader image

As a meteorologist, you will need a good understanding of maths and physics, as well as meteorology. You need to be precise and methodical when recording and analysing data. Computer and technical skills are also needed in this career.  
You must be able to present findings and predictions clearly, both verbally and in writing. You should be prepared to work as part of a team; you may need to supervise others.

Entry Routesheader image

Met Eireann is the main employer of Meteorologists in Ireland. A recognised First or good Second Class Honours University degree in Meteorology or Physics or Mathematical Physics or Mathematics or a qualification regarded by the Public Appointments Service (PAS) as equivalent in value for the purpose of the competition for this role.

PAS is the centralised provider of recruitment, assessment and selection services for the Civil Service, and appointment to these posts is by way of open competitions conducted by PAS. Details of competitions are advertised in the national press and radio.

Equivalent subjects: mathematical physics, mathematics, meteorology and physics.

A Masters course in Meteorology is available at the UCD Meteorology & Climate Centre. Met Éireann provides metrological training for new entrants. A six months training period is spent in the British Met Office and Met Éireann will support staff who wish to increase their qualifications.

Northern Ireland and UK: The Met Office offers a comprehensive training programme for those with a suitable degree and a proven interest in the weather. Degree subjects can include: meteorology, electronics, oceanography, physics, mathematics, environmental sciences, GIS and geography. A pre-entry postgraduate qualification is not a requirement.

The Met Office in the UK has its own college in Exeter, providing training courses for new entrants and for continuing professional development. Meteorologists in the UK are encouraged to pursue the Royal Meteorologist Chartered Meteorologist Accreditation Scheme (CMets) - a chartered accreditation, identical in concept and scope to chartered accreditation in other professions such as chartered accountant. Continuing professional development is provided by the Royal Meteorological Society and maintenance of this is actively monitored by the Society for all CMets.

Last Updated: October, 2014

Further Informationheader image

A detailed description of this occupation can be found on a number of online databases. Follow the link(s) below to access this information:

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Go..Meteorologist - from: N.C.S. [UK]
Go..Meteorologist - from: GradIreland

Related Occupationsheader image

Contactsheader image


Organisation: Public Appointments Service
Address: Chapter House, 26/30 Abbey Street Upper, Dublin 1
Tel: (01) 858 7400 or Locall: 1890 44 9999
Email: Click here
Url Click here


Organisation: Met Eireann
Address: Glasnevin Hill, Dublin 9
Tel: (01) 806 4200
Email: Click here
Url Click here


Organisation: Smart Futures
Address: Discover Science & Engineering, Wilton Park House, Wilton Place, Dublin, 2
Tel: (01) 607 3171
Email: Click here
Url Click here


Organisation: Irish Meteorological Society
Email: Click here
Url Click here

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A day in the life of a Meteorologist

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This occupation is popular with people who have the following Career Interests...

...and for people who like working in the following Career Sectors:

Earth & Environment
Physics, Mathematics & Space Science
Government, Politics & EU
Physics, Mathematics & Space Science

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