Most of these occupations require post-graduate qualifications. For example, they may require a masters degree, and some require a Ph.D., or M.D.
Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience plus specialist training to be able to do their job.
Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.
Job Zone Examples
These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. They may also require very specialist skills. Very advanced communication and organisational skills are required. Examples include lawyers, aerospace engineers, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and most scientists.
(thousands per year)*
35 - 75
Last Updated: July, 2015
|* The lower figures typically reflect starting salaries. Higher salaries are awarded to those with greater experience and responsibility. Positions in Dublin sometimes command higher salaries.|
While the supply of graduates appears to be sufficient to meet the annual recruitment requirement (5,500 graduates in 2017), the demand is arising for roles for those with a high level of experience and/or in niche areas. The demand is for a small number of people given the relatively small size of this occupation (approx. 1% of total employment) and in the areas associated with pharmaceuticals, biopharma and food development.
National Skills Bulletin 2018
Also included in this category:
|Part time workers:||6%|
|Male / Female:||60 / 40%|
|With Third Level:||95%|
Works in exploration or research in an area such as biology, chemistry, or physics, that deals with the objects, phenomena, or laws of nature and the physical world.
Caitriona Jackman went to secondary school at Crescent College Comprehensive in Limerick. From there, she did a degree in Applied Physics at the University of Limerick. During that time she did a 9-month co-op placement at the Mullard Space Science Laboratory in Surrey. After graduation she moved to the University of Leicester to do a PhD in Planetary Science. She is now working as a postdoctoral researcher at Imperial College London.
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|Biomedical Scientist - from: icould [UK] Video|
|Clinical Scientist - from: icould [UK] Video|
|Clinician - from: iCould [UK] Video|
|Environmental Scientist - from: icould [UK] Video|
|Formulation Scientist - from: icould [UK] Video|
|Senior Scientist - from: icould [UK] Video|
|Senior Scientist - from: iCould [UK] Video|
Scientists find out how things work, often with the aim of solving problems. Experiments and a systematic, logical approach are very important to their investigations. Scientists analyse, measure and observe living things, chemicals, and the physical workings of the Earth and universe.
The three main areas of science are biology, physics and chemistry, but these are inter-linked at many different levels. For example, biochemistry is the study of chemicals in organisms.
Scientists work on research and development projects. Pure (or fundamental) research is the pursuit of knowledge for its own sake, and is done mostly in universities, commercial or government organisations.
Applied research is aimed at solving a specific problem. For example: scientists develop new drugs to treat disease; find stronger and lighter materials to make aircraft with; develop vegetarian substitutes for meat; and find ways to try and improve crop yields.
Scientists help provide us with energy and materials for everyday life. They find natural resources like metals, minerals, oil, gas and coal, and develop materials like plastics, glass and textiles. They work with engineers to extract or produce these materials.
Increasingly, scientists are concerned with the impact of human activities on the environment. They may work to protect the environment from pollution, intensive farming, road building schemes, or the sprawl of cities into the countryside. Scientists research and develop alternative sources of energy, for example, from the sun, tides, wind, or heat stored below the Earth's surface.
As well as working in laboratories many scientists travel to collect samples and data. For example, forensic scientists visit crime scenes, and provide evidence in court. And geologists map physical features in remote areas.
Scientist's knowledge of products and processes is used in marketing and sales departments, and scientists may visit customers to listen to their needs or explain the latest developments.
As a scientist, you must enjoy solving problems. To plan experiments, you need practical skills, but you must also be imaginative and creative. Research and development work can involve routine testing over a long period of time. For example, the process of developing a new drug often takes over ten years, from discovery and testing to commercial availability. You will need to be methodical, well organised and patient, and not mind having to repeat an experiment several times.
Some scientists spend a lot of time on their own, especially during fieldwork. For example, geological scientists map remote areas, and must be prepared to work in difficult terrain.
Scientists often work in teams, so good communication skills are important. You must be able to express your findings clearly, both verbally and in writing.
Scientists need a good grounding in mathematics. Those in the physical sciences use a great deal of mathematics, particularly algebra, calculus and analytical geometry. Those in the biological sciences will use maths less often. Scientists also need a working knowledge of statistics.
Scientists need a relevant primary degree. Basic courses in biology, chemistry and physics to gain knowledge of the basics of each science, as well as scientific methods such as observing, making hypotheses and experimenting.
Elective courses can be chosen based on your particular areas of interest or to discover new areas of interest - ecxploring these will help with choosing your speciality area later on - Planetary Science; Medical Science; Psychological Sciences; Genetics; Agricultural Science - there are many routes to choose from.
Some commercial and industrial employers will accept graduates with a Bachelor's degree, but most scientists have at least a master's and more likely a doctorate.
While competition for research posts is often very strong, postgraduate programs tend to be geared toward original research and the development of new theories. A qualification at this level will make your work more unique, and your field of competition smaller.
All the major colleges and universities throughout the country offer degree courses in the various science disciplines. Candidates are advised to explore individual course details.
Last Updated: November, 2014
A detailed description of this occupation can be found on a number of online databases. Follow the link(s) below to access this information:
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|Biomedical Scientist - from: N.C.S. [UK]|
|Biomedical scientist - from: GradIreland|
|Clinical Scientist - from: N.C.S. [UK]|
|Information Scientist - from: N.C.S. [UK]|
|Marine scientist - from: GradIreland|
|Scientist, industrial R&D - from: GradIreland|
|Scientist, quality control - from: GradIreland|
|Scientist, research - from: GradIreland|
|Aeronautical / Aerospace Engineer|
|Astronomer / Astrophysicist|
|Meteorologist / Weather Forecaster|
|Operations Research Analyst|
|Organisation:||Science Recruitment Ireland|
|Address:||40 Grand Canal Street Upper, Dublin 4|
|Tel:||(01) 667 5008|
|Organisation:||European Space Education Resource Office Ireland (ESERO)|
|Address:||Discover Science & Engineering, Wilton Park House, Wilton Place, Dublin, 2|
|Tel:||(01) 607 3014|
|Organisation:||Science Foundation Ireland|
|Address:||Wilton Park House, Wilton Place, Dublin, 2|
|Tel:||01 - 607 3200|
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|This occupation is popular with people who have the following Career Interests... |
...and for people who like working in the following Career Sectors:
|Physics, Mathematics & Space Science|
|Biological, Chemical & Pharmaceutical Science|
|Farming, Horticulture & Forestry|
|Earth & Environment|
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