Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Fergus O'Connell from BioPharmachem Ireland to give some advice for people considering this job:

Fergus O'Connell

Quality Officer

BioPharmachem Ireland

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Fergus O'Connell
A broad science background is very important. An ability to recognise small inconsistencies is equally important. For example do you recognise small discrepancies between different camera shots of the same scene in films and TV series?

An ability to question everything and think laterally is important. Also the ability to say 'no' (not everyone is comfortable doing this). Working in quality is not about being popular and definitely not about being a tyrant but one needs to be approachable, consistent and have good interpersonal skills.

Not all of your decisions are going to be popular but they need to be based on a sound rationale and you need to be able to support them. One also needs to be acutely aware of the fact that your opinion won't always be right.

One must always be open to being convinced of an alternative argument.
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Realists are usually interested in 'things' - such as buildings, mechanics, equipment, tools, electronics etc. Their primary focus is dealing with these - as in building, fixing, operating or designing them. Involvement in these areas leads to high manual skills, or a fine aptitude for practical design - as found in the various forms of engineering.

Realists like to find practical solutions to problems using tools, technology and skilled work. Realists usually prefer to be active in their work environment, often do most of their work alone, and enjoy taking decisive action with a minimum amount of discussion and paperwork.
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Occupation Details

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Immunologist

Job Zone

Education
Most of these occupations require post-graduate qualifications. For example, they may require a masters degree, and some require a Ph.D., or M.D.

Related Experience
Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience plus specialist training to be able to do their job.

Job Training
Employees may need some on-the-job training, but most of these occupations assume that the person will already have the required skills, knowledge, work-related experience, and/or training.

Job Zone Examples
These occupations often involve coordinating, training, supervising, or managing the activities of others to accomplish goals. They may also require very specialist skills. Very advanced communication and organisational skills are required. Examples include lawyers, aerospace engineers, wildlife biologists, school psychologists, surgeons, treasurers, and most scientists.

€28k >
Immunologist
Salary Range
(thousands per year)*
€28 -
Related Information:
Entrants: 28 - 32
Data Source(s):
FAS

Last Updated: March, 2011

* The lower figures typically reflect starting salaries. Higher salaries are awarded to those with greater experience and responsibility. Positions in Dublin sometimes command higher salaries.
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At a Glance... header image

Studies the human immune system, and prescribes the appropriate drugs to help it fight infections.


Videos & Interviews header image

Follow the links below to watch videos related to this occupation:

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Go..Search YouTube for Immunologist videos

The Work header image

Immunologists research and diagnose abnormal functions in the human immune system. This includes such processes as allergen testing and prognostic testing. It also includes autoantibody testing for rheumatoid arthritis for example.  
 
They may also measure a patient's response to tissue grafts, organ transplants and vaccinations. They are also involved in the research into discovering new methods of diagnosis and treatment.  
 
Their work involves liaising with other professionals. At a senior level they may be responsible for heading a team of biomedical scientists and other support staff.


Tasks & Activitiesheader image

The following is a list of the most commonly reported tasks and activities for this occupation

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Diagnose or treat allergic or immunologic conditions.

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Order or perform diagnostic tests such as skin pricks and intradermal, patch, or delayed hypersensitivity tests.

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Educate patients about diagnoses, prognoses, or treatments.

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Develop individualized treatment plans for patients, considering patient preferences, clinical data, or the risks and benefits of therapies.

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Prescribe medication such as antihistamines, antibiotics, and nasal, oral, topical, or inhaled glucocorticosteroids.

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Document patients' medical histories.

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Conduct physical examinations of patients.

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Assess the risks and benefits of therapies for allergic and immunologic disorders.

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Interpret diagnostic test results to make appropriate differential diagnoses.

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Provide therapies, such as allergen immunotherapy and immunoglobin therapy, to treat immune conditions.

Work Activities header image

The following is a list of the most commonly reported work activities in this occupation.

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Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge: Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.

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Making Decisions and Solving Problems: Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.

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Assisting and Caring for Others: Providing personal assistance, medical attention, emotional support, or other personal care to others such as coworkers, customers, or patients.

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Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events: Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.

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Processing Information: Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.

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Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships: Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.

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Getting Information: Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

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Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work: Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.

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Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings: Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.

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Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates: Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.


Knowledge header image

The following is a list of the five most commonly reported knowledge areas for this occupation.

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Medicine and Dentistry: Knowledge of the information and techniques needed to diagnose and treat human injuries, diseases, and deformities. This includes symptoms, treatment alternatives, drug properties and interactions, and preventive health-care measures.

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Biology: Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.

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Customer and Personal Service: Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

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English Language: Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.

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Psychology: Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.


Skillsheader image

The following is a list of the most commonly reported skills used in this occupation.

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Reading Comprehension: Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.

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Active Learning: Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.

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Judgment and Decision Making: Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.

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Complex Problem Solving: Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.

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Active Listening: Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

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Critical Thinking: Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

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Monitoring: Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

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Social Perceptiveness: Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.

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Speaking: Talking to others to convey information effectively.

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Writing: Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.

Personal Qualitiesheader image

As an immunologist you must be able to think logically.  
You will need a thorough and methodical approach to your work. A very high degree of accuracy, attention to detail and an enquiring mind are essential.  
You must be able to plan and use practical experiments. You need good communication skills for working in a team and must also be able to work independently. You must be able to present your work legibly and articulately.  
 
You will need good up-to-date IT skills.


Further Informationheader image

A detailed description of this occupation can be found on a number of online databases. Follow the link(s) below to access this information:

Note: you will be leaving the CareersPortal Site

Go..Immunology Part 1 - from: Discover Science & Engineering
Go..Immunology Part 2 - from: Discover Science & Engineering
Go..Immunology Part 3 - from: Discover Science & Engineering

Related Occupationsheader image

Contactsheader image

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Organisation: Science Recruitment Ireland
Address: 40 Grand Canal Street Upper, Dublin 4
Tel: (01) 667 5008
Email: Click here
Url Click here

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Organisation: Health Service Executive (HSE)
Address: Dr Steevens' Hospital, Steevens Lane, Dublin, 8
Tel: 01 635 2000
Email: Click here
Url Click here

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Organisation: Institute of Immunology
Address: Department of Biology, National University of Ireland, Maynooth, Co. Kildare
Tel: (01) 708 6105
Email: Click here
Url Click here

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Organisation: Irish Society for Immunology
Address:
Tel:
Email: Click here
Url Click here

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Career Guidance

This occupation is popular with people who have the following Career Interests...


...and for people who like working in the following Career Sectors:

Medical & Healthcare
Chemical, Biomedical & Pharmaceutical Sciences

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