Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Claire Hanrahan from CRH plc to give some advice for people considering this job:

Claire Hanrahan


CRH plc

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Claire Hanrahan

The candidate needs to have a desire to travel. That is the most important. Travel is a vital part of the role of Internal Auditor at CRH. Your travel percentage ranges between 40% - 70% per year. They do try to keep it at a minimum but with a high staff turnover, you could be placed on additional audits that are short staffed.

You need to get on with all the people you work with also as you're away with these people for 4 nights a week for 4 weeks. You need to be friendly and outgoing and easy to get along with as it can get stressful on jobs so the last thing you want is someone who has attitude problems or can't communicate properly! Those 2 aspects are the most important for me.


Not surprisingly, some aspect of the natural sciences will run through the Naturalists interests - from ecological awareness to nutrition and health. People with an interest in horticulture, land usage and farming (including fish) are Naturalists.

Some Naturalists focus on animals rather than plants, and may enjoy working with, training, caring for, or simply herding them. Other Naturalists will prefer working with the end result of nature's produce - the food produced from plants and animals. Naturalists like solving problems with solutions that show some sensitivity to the environmental impact of what they do. They like to see practical results, and prefer action to talking and discussing.
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Merchant Navy - Ordinary Seaman/Woman

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At a Glance... header image

Assists the deck officers in the running a merchant ship.

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The Work header image

Merchant Navy Ordinary Seamen assist deck officers in running the ship. This involves general maintenance including chipping, scaling and painting the ship's fabric. They use a variety of hand and power tools to carry out repairs to furniture and fittings. Maintaining the ship's equipment involves making regular checks and carrying out maintenance duties and repairs. For example, they overhaul deck machinery and equipment, grease loading winches and check survival and fire-fighting equipment.  
Ordinary Seamen clean and prepare holds for cargo. They monitor loading and unloading, clean holds and check load quantities. They also work on the bridge. They assist the officer of the watch with navigational duties and may act as lookout or steersman. During docking, they assist with mooring.  
While in dock, Ordinary Seamen may monitor the loading of supplies and arrange storage. Some Ordinary Seamen may work on short journeys like Channel crossings, but most spend long periods away from home.

Personal Qualitiesheader image

You will need to be responsible and reliable with the ability to work well without constant supervision. Some Ordinary Seamen have to spend long periods aboard ship in the company of a small crew, oftentimes in small living spaces. They have to be prepared to work in all types of weather conditions. You need good communication skills. You also need to be reliable.  
You need to like practical, physically active work, and should be flexible and able to undertake a variety of tasks. Good hand skills are required for all types of work. Ordinary Seamen should enjoy using tools and equipment, and have an interest in maintaining machinery.  
Ordinary Seamen require good health and fitness. Most Ordinary Seamen will be required to pass a medical examination.

Entry Routesheader image

Entrants are typically taken on by a shipping company, who will sponsor them onto a training programme. Training varies according to the employing company.

New entrants usually begin work for a company as juniors. Training continues at sea and Ordinary Seamen may attend college for additional courses and qualifications. Training usually lasts for one to two years.

The National Maritime College of Ireland (NMCI) and Cork Institute of Technology (CIT) are the designated national centres for the education and training of personnel for the Merchant Navy.

A Certificate in Navigational Studies (Seamanship) which will suit school leavers and those with experience of working aboard merchant ships or fishing vessels - click here for NMCI details.

Last Updated: July, 2015

Related Occupationsheader image

Contactsheader image


Organisation: Naval Service
Address: Haulbowline, Cobh, Co. Cork
Tel: 021 864700
Email: Click here
Url Click here


Organisation: IMDO Irish Maritime Development Office
Address: Wilton Park House, Wilton Place D02 NT99, Dublin 2, Ireland
Tel: (01) 7753900
Email: Click here
Url Click here


Organisation: National Maritime College of Ireland
Address: Ringaskiddy, Co. Cork
Tel: (021) 497 0600
Email: Click here
Url Click here

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Career Guidance

This occupation is popular with people who have the following Career Interests...

...and for people who like working in the following Career Sectors:

Maritime, Fishing & Aquaculture

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