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Not surprisingly, some aspect of the natural sciences will run through the Naturalist's interests - from ecological awareness to nutrition and health. People with an interest in horticulture, land usage and farming (including fish) are Naturalists.

Some Naturalists focus on animals rather than plants, and may enjoy working with, training, caring for, or simply herding them. Other Naturalists will prefer working with the end result of nature's produce - the food produced from plants and animals. Naturalists like solving problems with solutions that show some sensitivity to the environmental impact of what they do. They like to see practical results and prefer action to talking and discussing.

Salary Range
€25k - €55k
Career Zone

In Brief...

Studies the behaviour, physiology, evolution, and classification of animals.


  • Biology Knowledge of plant and animal organisms, their tissues, cells, functions, interdependencies, and interactions with each other and the environment.
  • English Language Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
  • Law and Government Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
  • Mathematics Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
  • Geography Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.


  • Active Listening Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
  • Critical Thinking Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
  • Reading Comprehension Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
  • Science Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
  • Speaking Talking to others to convey information effectively.

In Summary - Zoologist

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Further Information

The Work - Zoologist

Zoology is the scientific study of animals, including their physiology, genetics, behaviour, diseases and ecology. Zoology is a diverse field and includes fish, insects, reptiles, amphibians, protozoa, viruses and bacteria.  
Research, often in specialist subjects, is an important area of work for zoological scientists. In applied zoology, scientists try to solve specific problems. They design new experiments, and may use technical equipment like electron microscopes.  
Some animals are parasitic, and can harm people, crops and livestock. Zoological scientists may control or eradicate parasites and pests. They may research and develop anti-parasitic drugs for  
pharmaceutical companies. Research may help develop pesticides for use in agriculture.  
Zoological scientists may become managers of wildlife parks or nature reserves. This involves fieldwork, for example, they monitor pollution and its movement through food chains, study its effects and find ways to control it. Opportunities to work in the conservation of endangered animals are very limited however.  
Zoological scientists try to understand animal behaviour. They may develop simple systems to communicate with animals, or observe their day-to-day habits.  
Zoological Scientists may specialize in aquatic habitats, and become involved in marine conservation or in fish production, through fisheries or aquaculture. This involves knowledge of environmental needs and life cycles.  
Some zoological scientists also give advice and information to the public. Others work in museums, teaching and lecturing, information science and journalism. Concerns about the environment have led to an increase in environmental consultancies, in which zoological scientists may also work.

Most commonly reported Work Tasks

  • Study animals in their natural habitats, assessing effects of environment and industry on animals, interpreting findings and recommending alternative operating conditions for industry.
  • Inventory or estimate plant and wildlife populations.
  • Organize and conduct experimental studies with live animals in controlled or natural surroundings.
  • Make recommendations on management systems and planning for wildlife populations and habitat, consulting with stakeholders and the public at large to explore options.
  • Disseminate information by writing reports and scientific papers or journal articles, and by making presentations and giving talks for schools, clubs, interest groups and park interpretive programs.
  • Study characteristics of animals such as origin, interrelationships, classification, life histories and diseases, development, genetics, and distribution.
  • Inform and respond to public regarding wildlife and conservation issues, such as plant identification, hunting ordinances, and nuisance wildlife.
  • Oversee the care and distribution of zoo animals, working with curators and zoo directors to determine the best way to contain animals, maintain their habitats and manage facilities.
  • Coordinate preventive programs to control the outbreak of wildlife diseases.
  • Analyze characteristics of animals to identify and classify them.

Most commonly reported Work Activities

  • Monitor Processes, Materials, or Surroundings Monitoring and reviewing information from materials, events, or the environment, to detect or assess problems.
  • Getting Information Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
  • Interacting With Computers Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
  • Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
  • Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.
  • Documenting/Recording Information Entering, transcribing, recording, storing, or maintaining information in written or electronic/magnetic form.
  • Analyzing Data or Information Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.
  • Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
  • Communicating with Persons Outside Organization Communicating with people outside the organization, representing the organization to customers, the public, government, and other external sources. This information can be exchanged in person, in writing, or by telephone or e-mail.

Interests - Zoologist

This occupation is typically suited for people with the following Career Interests:


The Investigative person will usually find a particular area of science to be of interest. They are inclined toward intellectual and analytical activities and enjoy observation and theory. They may prefer thought to action, and enjoy the challenge of solving problems with sophiscticated technology. These types prefer mentally stimulating environments and often pay close attention to developments in their chosen field.


Realists are usually interested in 'things' - such as buildings, mechanics, equipment, tools, electronics etc. Their primary focus is dealing with these - as in building, fixing, operating or designing them. Involvement in these areas leads to high manual skills, or a fine aptitude for practical design - as found in the various forms of engineering.

Realists like to find practical solutions to problems using tools, technology and skilled work. Realists usually prefer to be active in their work environment, often do most of their work alone, and enjoy taking decisive action with a minimum amount of discussion and paperwork.


You will need to be logical, and have good analytical and mathematical skills. Insight and creativity are needed to solve problems.  
Zoologists use technical equipment in laboratory work, including computers. Accuracy and attention to detail are essential for setting up, monitoring and recording the results of experiments.  
Zoologists work can involve education and giving presentations. You will need good communication skills, especially when providing information or advice to non-specialists, or for writing reports, research papers and proposals.  
You must be flexible and able to work well with others.

Entry Requirements - Zoologist

Pay & Salary - Zoologist

Salary Range (thousands per year)* €25k - €55k

Data Source(s):

Last Updated: March, 2017

* The lower figures typically reflect starting salaries. Higher salaries are awarded to those with greater experience and responsibility. Positions in Dublin sometimes command higher salaries.

Labour Market Updates - Zoologist

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