Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Elaine MacDonald from St. Michael's House to give some advice for people considering this job:


Elaine MacDonald

Psychologist - Clinical

St. Michael's House

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  Elaine MacDonald

Make sure you are willing to go the full distance in terms of the time needed to train as a Clinical Psychologist – it’s typically at least six years academic study, and invariably this period is interspersed with work in a relevant field.

Do be as confident as you can that you’re happy being a “listener” and “observer”, as you will spend significant amounts of time in your work life as a Clinical Psychologist being in this role, as well as being in the “do-er” role and being in the limelight.

To have a good ‘fit’ with this career you’ll need to be happy working with people – as individuals on a one to one basis, with groups (e.g. families), and as part of a team in the workplace.

You need to have a good attention to detail as the job needs good observation skills, record keeping, and organisation skills.

Be prepared for learning and self-development to be on-going for the whole of your career because, as a Clinical Psychologist, you’ll be learning and using techniques and intervention approaches that are being constantly developed, and be working in accordance with policies and laws that are also constantly evolving.

The last piece of advice I’d give to someone considering this job is to be as sure as you can that you feel comfortable and even excited at the prospect of your career revolving around people and groups with all the varied, diverse, and unpredictable rewards and challenges that this brings!


Realists are usually interested in 'things' - such as buildings, mechanics, equipment, tools, electronics etc. Their primary focus is dealing with these - as in building, fixing, operating or designing them. Involvement in these areas leads to high manual skills, or a fine aptitude for practical design - as found in the various forms of engineering.

Realists like to find practical solutions to problems using tools, technology and skilled work. Realists usually prefer to be active in their work environment, often do most of their work alone, and enjoy taking decisive action with a minimum amount of discussion and paperwork.
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Leaving Cert Results - What Happens Next?
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Leaving Cert Appeals

Successful completion of the Leaving Certificate is a great achievement in its own right. Though it may seem otherwise for a few weeks in late summer, parents know that achievement in life is of course not measured simply by points and places on high demand courses.

Yet, much of the young person’s immediate future is riding on the outcome of their Leaving Cert, so it is important that the final product of the exams be as transparent as possible.

The Appeals Process helps young people to get clarity on their results. It also helps to ensure that results are a fair and accurate reflection of the student’s exam performance.

Review and/or Recheck

A review is the process whereby a student takes a look at their exam script to check if the marking scheme has been applied correctly.

A recheck is the process whereby you ask for your exam to be remarked. You can apply for a recheck without carrying out a review.

It is highly recommended that you review your script before you apply for a recheck. It is the first step is figuring out if you have grounds for an appeal.


When they are given their Leaving Cert results your son or daughter will receive an application form (Form AP1) for viewing of scripts as well. There is also an online appeals facility if the young person is not available to attend the school in person. Form AP1 must be completed and returned to the school in time for the required deadline.

Reviewing of Exam Scripts

Given the length of the exam scripts and the fact that pens, pencils or any electronic recording devices such as mobile phones, are not permitted in the viewing centre, it can be a challenge to record everything on the Form AP1.

Advice for script viewing day
  • Leave a sheet of paper and pen (as well as your Form AP1) outside the viewing centre.
  • If you discover an error in marking, leave the viewing centre and record both the number of the question, and the answer that you are disputing.
  • Note the reason why you are disputing the marks for your answer, on your rough paper. e.g. Question 9 (d) All points on the marking scheme are covered; only 9 out of 12 marks scored.
  • Repeat the process as many times as are required for as long as it takes you to go through your exam paper.
  • Return your exam paper and marking scheme to the Superintendent at the viewing centre.
  • Transcribe your notes from the rough paper onto Form AP1 and request that it accompany your appeal application.

You can find full information, guidelines and details by clicking on the Candidate Information Booklet (from

How does the Appeals process work?


What if my son or daughter wants to view the marking on their Leaving Certificate scripts?


How much does it cost to view scripts?


What happens at the script viewing?


What should we look for?


What happens next?


Is it worth appealing, if in the final result there is no improvement in the LC results?