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Realists are usually interested in 'things' - such as buildings, mechanics, equipment, tools, electronics etc. Their primary focus is dealing with these - as in building, fixing, operating or designing them. Involvement in these areas leads to high manual skills, or a fine aptitude for practical design - as found in the various forms of engineering.

Realists like to find practical solutions to problems using tools, technology and skilled work. Realists usually prefer to be active in their work environment, often do most of their work alone, and enjoy taking decisive action with a minimum amount of discussion and paperwork.

Subject Choice for Leaving Cert...

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Ed Zone

These courses enable learners to gain recognition for the achievement of considerable knowledge in a range of subject areas, as for example in the Leaving Certificate and one-year Post Leaving Certificate courses.

Courses may be academic or practical in focus, and awards that are recognised by the National Framework of Qualifications may lead to progression opportunities higher up in the framework.

Employment Opportunities
The majority of people with certificates at this level are well prepared for occupations that involve using their knowledge and skills to help others. Examples include office secretary, customer service representatives, special needs assistant, retail salespersons and childcare workers.

Level on the National Framework of Qualifications
2 Years
Duration of course
Grades Awarded

Marks Distribution 2018:
Listed below are the percentage distributions of marks from the 310 students who sat the Higher Level Russian exam in 2018.

Listed below are the percentage distributions of marks from the  students who sat the Ordinary Level Russian exam in 2018.

In brief... header image

Russian as a Leaving Cert subject aims to bring students closer to fluency in the Russian language, as well as developing a good knowledge of literature, culture, geography, and national history to provide a context for communication.

Why Study this?header image

What kind of Student would Russian Suit?

  • Students who can already speak Russian and want easy points
  • Anyone with an interest in Russian culture, history, and language.
  • Students interested in travelling the world.
  • Students who are considering working in Russia or international relations in the future.


Russian is not offered by many schools as a core Leaving Cert subject choice, but that does not preclude any one from taking it at examination.

Some schools require all their Leaving Certificate students to take a language. If students have the option to choose whether or not to take a language, they should consider it seriously as it may determine the choices available to them when it comes to applying for college.

A third language is a requirement of a number of departments in colleges and universities. Always check the entry requirements for individual colleges and courses.

Videos & Interviews header image

Studying Russian - Russian

Conor O'Clery - Russian

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Course Overview header image

Leaving Certificate Russian follows a common syllabus framework for the teaching and examining of modern languages in the Leaving Certificate. The syllabus aims to:

  • develop learners’ communicative skills in Russian,
  • develop their strategies for effective language learning and
  • raise their awareness of cultural, social and political diversity.

Assessment is by means of a written examination, and an aural and oral examination at two levels - ordinary level and higher level.

Course Contentheader image

The following general aims are proposed by this syllabus for the preparation of students for the Leaving Certificate in Russian.

1. To foster in learners such communicative skills in the target language as will enable them to:

  • take a full part in classroom activities conducted in the target language;
  • participate in normal, everyday transactions and interactions, both spoken and written, both at home and abroad;
  • extract information and derive enjoyment from the mass media and the more accessible literature of the target language community;
  • consider as a realistic option the possibility of pursuing leisure activities, further study and/or career opportunities through the medium of the target language.

2. To give students a critical awareness of how meaning is organised and conveyed by the structures and vocabulary of the target language, and thus to contribute to their understanding of the workings of human language in general.

3. To help learners develop strategies for effective language learning.

4. To equip learners with a broad acquaintance with the cultural, social and political complexion of contexts in which the target language is a normal medium of communication and thus to help raise their awareness of cultural, social and political diversity generally.

Exam Structure header image

Assessment is by means of a written examination, and an aural and oral examination at two levels, ordinary level and higher level.

Mark Allocation for Leaving Certificate Russian:

Section    Higher Level Ordinary Level
Speaking 25%   20%
Listening Comprehension 20% 25% 
Reading Comprehension 30% 40% 
Writing 25%  15%

The examination will assess a candidate's ability to:

  • understand the spoken language
  • understand the written language
  • communicate in the spoken language
  • communicate in the written language. 

Career Possibilities header image

Related career opportunities are broad and include the IT industry, teaching, business, translation, the hospitality industry, sales, marketing, tourism and politics.

Career Guidance