Featured Advice
What are your interests?



The Social person's interests focus on interacting with the people in their environment. In all cases, the Social person enjoys the personal contact with other people in preference to the impersonal dealings with things, data and ideas found in other groups.

Many will seek out positions where there is direct contact with the public in some advisory role, whether a receptionist or a counsellor. Social people are motivated by an interest in different types of people and like diversity in their work environments. Many are drawn towards careers in the caring professions and social welfare area, whilst others prefer teaching and other 'informing' roles.

Leaving Cert Subjects

Quick Tips

The following information is a brief summary of things to consider about each subject when choosing what to study for Leaving Cert.

For detailed information on each subject, browse the Leaving Cert Subjects tab.


Although studied by the majority of students, the uptake of higher-level Irish is significantly lower than other subjects. If you would like to apply to study Primary School Teaching in Ireland, Higher Level Irish is a requirement. As the Higher Level paper seems to be more popular with girls, this translates to less male teachers in primary school classrooms.


This is a good higher-level subject for the average student, provided they are prepared to read extensively. Strong written expression is required to achieve a good result.


It is a relatively straightforward subject for those who are good at maths, but tends to be perceived as time-consuming. If you choose to study higher level maths it is worth noting that you will be rewarded an extra 25 points provided you achieve a H1 - H6 grade. Maths is not a requirement for every course and the number of courses now accepting foundation level maths has increased. Filter relevant courses on the CourseFinder here. 


The history course has been extended beyond military and political history to include social and cultural issues. Students can secure up to 20% of their overall marks by submitting a research paper on a selected topic from a range set out by the State Examinations Commission. The research project is graded before the actual exam. Students must present three essays in the higher Leaving Cert paper, plus a documents question.


This subject studies the relationship between human activity and the physical environment. It is an extremely wide curriculum. Students can undertake a geographic investigation worth 20% of the overall marks in the final examination. This is pre-submitted in April of sixth year and graded before the actual exam. It is worth noting that geography is accepted as a science subject for entry to both science and pharmacy at TCD.


Whether you study French, German, Spanish, Russian, Italian or any other continental language for Leaving Cert, the three main elements are comprehension, oral and written presentation. Emphasis is on the ability to both understand and converse in the language studied. This is reflected in the fact that one-third of the final marks awarded are for aural and oral work.

For entry to NUI's you must present a language in addition to Irish and English as one of your six Leaving Certificate subjects. If you are exempt from Irish, you must present a language other than English.


A very suitable subject for the student taking higher-level maths and physics. Some students complete the programme as an additional after-school subject, taken in one or two periods per week, over the two years of the Leaving Cert.


Physics has a strong maths element (though it can be taken comfortably with ordinary level maths) and requires learning-off many formulae. Students must maintain a laboratory book, as there are 24 mandatory experiments, four of which are examined on the Leaving Cert paper.


Students taking chemistry must learn-off the chemical components of a series of prescribed experiments. They will be required to present the elements of four such experiments in their examination.


Students undertake 24 mandatory experiments, the details of which they record in their laboratory book. It is often perceived as an easier subject than physics or chemistry but this is not so. There are high failure rates at ordinary level.


This is a combination of cooking, home economics, biology and business. It’s an interesting subject, but not the easy honour that some imagine. 20% of the marks are for a course work journal, completed within normal class time, and pre-submitted in October of sixth year, prior to the written examination. The study of food science is a central part of this subject. Students also have the option of studying one of social studies, textiles or home design.


This subject deals with current realities of a fast-changing business environment. It looks at how organisations are formed, financed and run. It also explores the services that support businesses such as insurance, banking, transport, as well as public service bodies.


Economics has a mathematical slant as well as graphic and theoretical work. It explores the inner workings of companies, and how they measure their success and progress. At a macro level, it examines the bigger picture - international trade, the role of government and the EU in controlling the economy, competition and markets. A good subject for the analytical student.


Students who enjoyed the bookkeeping part of Junior Cert business should consider accounting. Analysis and interpretation of accounts is the core activity at Leaving Cert level. For those with strong numeracy and reasoning skills.


Students are introduced to the dialogue between science and religion in the exploration of meaning and values in our societies. 20% of the marks are for the journal, which is submitted and graded prior to the examination.


Most students taking either option will be following on from Junior Cert. At Leaving Cert, art involves work on the history and appreciation of art alongside the design and craftwork.


These practical subjects give students hands-on experience of working with tools and machinery. Students also undertake theoretical and background work for their final examinations.


Technology gives students a basic understanding of the principles of engineering, design and project management. If you enjoyed the technology programme at Junior Cert level, and like hands-on activity, this subject may develop an interest in a career in engineering or technology.

Explore our Detailed Guide to Leaving Cert subjects here.

Paul Galvan, Resource Teacher

What subjects did you take in school and how have these influenced your career path?

For my Leaving Certificate I studied English, Irish, Maths, Physics, French, Geography and History. My favourite subjects were Geography, Physics, French and English. I knew that I would like to study a combination of these subjects in further education. I think as regards a career path it’s a good idea to study subjects you like and are good at.
Ask me your first question!

Career Articles

Fisheries Scientist
Fisheries Scientist
Posted by Marine Institute
Cullen Fellow research on the carbon cycle at Burrishoole catchment
Cullen Fellow research on the carbon cycle at Burrishoole catchment
Posted by Marine Institute
Research Scientist, Marine and Freshwater Research Centre
Research Scientist, Marine and Freshwater Research Centre
Posted by Marine Institute
Clay Artist
Clay Artist
Posted by Design & Crafts Council of Ireland
Industrial Designer
Industrial Designer
Posted by Design & Crafts Council of Ireland
Furniture Maker
Furniture Maker
Posted by Design & Crafts Council of Ireland