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What are your interests?



Enterprising people like situations that involve using resources for personal or corporate economic gain. Such people may have an opportunistic frame of mind, and are drawn to commerce, trade and making deals. Some pursue sales and marketing occupations. Many will eventually end up owning their own business, or in management roles in larger organisations. They tend to be very goal-oriented and work best when focused on a target. Some have an entrepreneurial inclination.

Career Opportunities with Physics & Maths

Career Opportunities with Physics & Maths

What are the main occupations in this sector?

Physical & Mathematical Sciences is a broad sector, with many potential career paths for those with qualifications and suitable skillsets, including medical work, engineering, teaching, finance and technology.

Sample occupations include,

  • Research scientist - in universities or research establishment, working in the many fields of physics and in cross discipline fields such as nanotechnology, biophysics and materials
  • Medical physicists - working in medical imaging, radiation treatment, lasers
  • Engineer/scientist - telecommunications, photonics, nuclear physicists.
  • Space scientist - e.g. working in satellite and telescope design, theoretical modelling within astrophysics and cosmology
  • Environmental science - e.g. weather, climate analysis, pollution control, oceanography, geophysics, renewable energy sector
  • Software engineering - e.g. computer game development, animation, ballistics, Aeronautics

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What types of employment contracts are there?

Research contracts in universities are typically around 3 years as they depend on individual research grants for specific projects.

Scientists often move between research establishments gaining valuable experience. Permanent positions arise for posts such as lecturers in universities.

In industry, employment tends to be offered on a permanent basis.

What are the typical earnings of these occupations?

Academic salaries are good – higher than in many other parts of the world, with a scale extending from €40,000 to €100,000 and beyond for senior staff.

In industry, salaries are dependent on initial qualification, with starting salaries for graduates at around €22,000. However, this can quickly rise with experience e.g. studies by Forfás show that software engineering salaries can rise by around 40% after 2-4 years employment.