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The Linguistic's interests are usually focused on ideas and information exchange. They tend to like reading a lot, and enjoy discussion about what has been said. Some will want to write about their own ideas and may follow a path towards journalism, story writing or editing. Others will develop skills in other languages, perhaps finding work as a translator or interpreter. Most Linguistic types will enjoy the opportunity to teach or instruct people in a topic they are interested in.

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Electrical & Electronic Engineering

Electrical & Electronic Engineering

Electrical and electronic engineering are two related disciplines, but with important differences in focus. Electrical engineering involves large-scale electrical systems such as power transmission and motor control. They create and design products using scientific principles combined with natural curiosity, problem solving and innovation.

On the other hand electronic engineering is generally smaller in scale, involving the precision designing of electronic circuits that use components such as resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes and transistors.

Electrical engineers can find themselves working on the design and construction of power lines, in the control and management of power stations, or in the design and installation of electrical systems and machinery, such as transformers, electric motors and power electronics.

Electronic engineers work with electrical and electronic appliances and equipment. Many of the key innovations of the modern era have involved electronic engineers at some stage in their design and production, including new household equipment, innovations in mobile phones, getting more functionality into a laptop or more image quality from digital cameras.

Career Paths

A qualification in electrical or electronic engineering is in demand in many parts of the economy, major infrastructure such as energy or telecommunications networks require electrical and electronic engineers, similarly if you are interested in cars or aeroplanes there will be opportunities in automotive or aerospace manufacturing. Other paths include construction or working in research and development, where you would be working on creating novel electronic devices.

The work involved in electrical & electronic engineering isn’t just done by engineers, electricians, engineering technicians and production operatives all perform vital roles. For those interested in the field, training as an engineering technician or an apprenticeship in electrical instrumentation or in the work of an electrician are alternative paths you could peruse.

With over 400 engineering courses offered across undergraduate and postgraduate level, there are no shortage of entry routes to a career in engineering. Most of these courses focus on a specific field of engineering and at postgraduate level the degree of specialisation becomes greater. If you’re set on a field there is likely to be a course that will allow you to study it from the outset, but many undergraduate engineering programs offer a general entry option, allowing students to study a range of topics and make a decision on their area of focus later, with the benefit of direct experience.

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Occupations in Electrical & Electronic Engineering
(sorted by Job Zone)

Electronic Service Engineer

Television service engineers repair television, radio, video and hi-fi equipment.

Engineering Technician - Civil

Helps engineers and architects to organise the construction of structures like bridges, roads and railways.

Engineering Technician - Electrical

Identify and resolve equipment malfunctions, working with manufacturers and field representatives as necessary to procure replacement parts.

Engineering Technician - Electronics

Electronics engineering technicians support engineers in the research, design, development and maintenance of a range of electronic products.

Engineering Technician - Mechanical

Designs, modifies, and tests machinery under the direction of a mechanical engineer.

Manufacturing Technician

Helps to design, develop and improve the systems that convert raw materials into finished products.

Mechanical Engineering Draughtsperson

Mechanical engineering draughtspeople produce detailed drawings and instructions for making mechanical products and equipment.

Site Engineer

Works as part of a building site management team, performing a technical, organisational and supervisory roles on projects such as civil, road, rail and other infrastructure projects.

Water Engineer

Water engineers work on projects such as flood defence schemes and sewer improvement programmes at all stages of their development and implementation.

Aeronautical / Aerospace Engineer

Employed in the designing, testing and making of aircraft engines and other such aeronautical productions.

Agricultural Engineer

Focused on improving farm productivity through the development and maintenance of farm machinery and the design of agricultural systems and infrastructure.

Automation Engineer

Engaged in the design, development and implementation of sensor and robotic systems for applications the technology sector.

Automotive Engineer

Automotive engineering is a branch of vehicle engineering which incorporates mechanical, electrical, electric and safety elements.

Biochemical Engineer

Biochemical engineering is a branch of chemical engineering which applies technological advancements to biological materials.

Biosystems Engineer

Works on the design and development of new agricultural methods, machinery, and systems towards solving problems facing the global ecosystem.

Building Engineer

Building engineers are concerned with the planning, design, construction, operation, renovation, and maintenance of buildings, as well as with their impacts on the surrounding environment

Chemical Engineer

Researches, designs and plans the processes involved in the production of chemicals.

Electrical Engineer

Works in industrial, commercial and domestic environments designing, installing and testing electrical hardware.

Electronic Engineer

Researches, designs, develops, and tests electronic components and systems for use in fields such as telecommunications, aerospace guidance and propulsion control, acoustics, or instruments and controls.

Energy Engineer

Works on ways of producing energy from renewable or sustainable sources such as wind power, solar power or biofuels, or on more traditional sources such as oil and gas.


Engineers design, develop, improve and maintain a vast range of the technology that surrounds us, from sports trainers to roads, tunnels and bridges, and from light bulbs to space satellites.

Manufacturing Engineer

Has expertise in a wide range of manufacturing technologies and computer and management control systems.

Mechanical Engineer

Performs engineering duties in planning and designing tools, engines, machines, and other mechanically functioning equipment.

Mining / Geological Engineer

Mining and Geological Engineers apply the principles of science and engineering to extract and process natural resources like coal, iron, salt, gold and diamonds.

Naval Service Cadet - Engineering

Enlists in the Defence Forces Naval Service to train as a Marine Engineering Officer.

Nuclear Engineer

Works on problems related to nuclear energy production and nuclear waste disposal.

Petroleum Engineer

Petroleum engineering is about devising methods to improve oil and gas well production and determining the need for new or modified tool designs.

Photonics Engineer

Designs technologies that specialise in light information or light energy, such as laser or fibre optics technology.

Polymer Engineer

Investigate the behaviour of materials under different conditions, to support advances in technology in a range of industries.

Production & Process Engineer

Develop economical industrial processes that make the huge range of products on which modern society depends, e.g: food and drink; fuel; artificial fibres; pharmaceuticals; chemicals; electronics, plastics; and clean water.

Quality Engineer

Designs, installs, and evaluates quality assurance systems, procedures, and measuring techniques

Sports Engineer

Invents new training equipment, better ways to measure performance and even fabrication of performance clothing.

Sports Engineer

Invents new training equipment, better ways to measure performance and even fabrication of performance clothing.

Structural Engineer

Designs and supervises the safe construction of structures like bridges, stadiums and large buildings.

Telecommunications Engineer

Works on the different types of technology that enable us to communicate over distance, including satellite and cable systems, mobile phones, radio waves, the Internet and electronic mail. Also known as a Network Architect.

Test Engineer - ICT

Completes or oversees all the calibration and testing of the various instruments and pieces of equipment used in the lab for measuring, weighing and processing raw and refined materials

Urban Planning Engineer

Advise on how land can be developed or conserved for the benefit of society. The work includes putting together plans that outline policies in areas such as housing, transport and the environment.