Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked John Traynor from CRH plc to give some advice for people considering this job:

John Traynor

Development Analyst

CRH plc

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John Traynor
This is a job that you must be really interested in to succeed in. At times the hours can be very long and the work can be very challenging. You must be prepared to put up with the hard work in order to get the real experience and career progress that the job can offer you. If you are not really interested in this work you will be letting yourself and your colleagues down.

Administrative people are interested in work that offers security and a sense of being part of a larger process. They may be at their best operating under supervisors who give clear guidelines, and performing routine tasks in a methodical and reliable way.

They tend to enjoy clerical and most forms of office work, where they perform essential administrative duties. They often form the backbone of large and small organisations alike. They may enjoy being in charge of office filing systems, and using computers and other office equipment to keep things running smoothly. They usually like routine work hours and prefer comfortable indoor workplaces.
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Labour Market Sector Profiles

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Arts, Sports & Tourism Occupations

Key points for selected arts, sports and tourism occupations

  • In 2015, approximately 167,000 persons were employed in the selected arts, sports and tourism occupations, representing 8.5% of Ireland’s workforce.
  • There were 120,000 persons employed in hotel, restaurant & publican related occupations, 29,000 persons in artistic, literary & media occupations and 19,000 persons in leisure, sports & travel service occupations.
  • Between 2010 and 2015, overall employment expanded by 1.2% on average annually, similar to the national average growth rate of 0.8%.
  • In 2015, employment was 9,000 above the 2010 level of 158,000.
  • Over the five-year period, the most pronounced employment growth (in both absolute and relative terms) was observed for chefs & cooks and kitchen & catering assistants (jointly at 5% on average annually, or approximately 6,000 each).
  • In contrast, the strongest rates of decline were observed for publicans (7.6% on average annually), bar staff and leisure & sports managers (jointly at 5% on average annually) and catering & bar managers (3.4% on average annually).
  • The largest absolute decreases were observed for bar staff (5,000) and publicans (2,000).
  • Between 2014 and 2015, overall employment levels remained virtually static.
  • The workforce of both waiting and bar staff was the youngest among the selected occupations, with over a third employed in both occupations aged 15-24; in contrast, publicans had the most mature workforce, with two fifths aged 55 or older.
  • At 95%, the overall workforce of media professionals had the highest share of third level graduates; on the other hand, 17% of employed publicans were third level graduates.
  • While the overall workforce of the selected occupations was gender balanced, there was a higher representation of females in the workforce of waiting staff (at 78%), leisure & travel service occupations, kitchen & catering assistants and hotel & accommodation managers (with 60% of each respective workforce female); in contrast, the workforce of publicans had the highest share of males, at 80%.
  • At least half of waiting and bar staff, and kitchen & catering assistants worked parttime ─ among the highest shares across all occupations in the national workforce
  • Approximately 40% of those employed as chefs & cooks, kitchen & catering assistants and waiting staff were non-Irish nationals, far exceeding the national rate of 15%.

Shortage Indicators

In 2015, there were approximately 120,000 persons employed in occupations providing hospitality services, such as hotels and restaurant managers, chefs, catering assistants and waiters.

These occupations are characterised by a higher than average volume of transitions between employment, unemployment and inactivity. For example, for chefs, there were 3,500 transitions between employers and 4,400 transitions into inactivity (including retirement) in 2015; even higher volumes of movements were observed for catering assistants and waiting/bar staff: there were 5,900 and 9,900 transitions between employment for these occupations respectively and a further 5,100 and 7,200 transitions into inactivity in 2015. Such high levels of transitions suggests that employment in many hospitality roles is casual in nature; this is supported by

(a) the fact that the share of part-time workers in these occupations is more than twice the national average (50% for catering assistants and above 55% for waiters/bar staff) and

(b) the simultaneous presence of a large number of job seekers (2,200 catering assistants and 2,700 waiters/bar staff in May 2016) and a large number of vacancies (in 2015, there were several thousand vacancies advertised on the DSP and portals alone).

The demand for hospitality, sports and leisure services has been increasing with the recovery of the economy and a shortage of qualified chefs has already been identified.

Although there were 1,200 job ready chefs looking for work in May 2016, two thirds hold at most a Leaving Certificate, indicating that the majority are not qualified chefs.

The number of chefs qualifying from courses at NFQ levels 5-8 was almost 800 in 2014/15, up from 600 in 2013/2014; future supply will be further augmented once the five new proposed apprenticeships for chefs (commis (x 2), de partie, sous and executive), with over 100 registrations expected annually, come on stream.

While the supply is sufficient to meet the demand for lower skilled hospitality roles (waiters/bar staff and catering assistants), the availability of persons willing to take up those roles is expected to be negatively affected by the greater availability of job opportunities across other growing sectors.

Artistic, literary and media skills

The economic recovery is expected to positively impact on the demand for artistic, literary and media skills.

In May 2016, there were 1,200 third level graduates (NFQ 7+) who were job-ready artistic, literary, media and design associate professionals. Given that these occupations can contribute significantly in driving innovation across a variety of sectors sectors, they are an important resource for growth. However, augmenting artistic abilities with business and entrepreneurial skills is necessary in order to translate creativity into commercial opportunity within the creative arts sector (e.g. fine art, film industry), as well as other sectors (e.g. product development in manufacturing, sales and marketing etc.).

Labour Market Research 24

These links are to well established sources of information used to review, evaluate and predict changes in our labour market.

Vacancy Overview 2016 - EGFSN 
Detailed analysis of labour market indicators, vacancy trends and difficult to fill vacancies from the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs (May 2017)
Addressing the Demand for Skills in the Freight Transport, Distribution and Logistics Sector in Ireland 2015 2020 
February 2015 EGFSN report assessing the skills and competency requirements for the Freight Transport, Distribution and Logistics sector in Ireland up to 2020
Vacancy Overview 2014 - EFGSN 
The Vacancy Overview 2014 produced May 2015 by the Skills and Labour Market Research Unit in SOLAS on behalf of the EGFSN, draws on data from newly advertised job vacancies in the following sources: DSP Jobs Ireland and The analysis focuses
Monitoring Ireland's Skills Supply 
July 2015 report on those entering and leaving the Irish education system (primary, post-primary,further education and training, and higher education) spanning the ten levels of the National Framework of Qualifications (NFQ)
Regional Labour Markets Bulletin 2015 
Annual report produced by the EGFSN which identifies variations in skills supply and demand across 8 regions (Border, Dublin, Mid East, Mid-West, Midland, South East, South West and West).
Assessment of Future Skills Requirements in the Hospitality Sector in Ireland 2015-2020 
Report from the EGFSN assessing the skills demand within the Hospitality sector in Ireland to 2020 to ensure the right supply of skills to help drive domestic hospitality sector business and employment growth.
Vacancy Overview 2015 - EGFSN May 2016 
A report produced by the Skills and Labour Market Research Unit (SLMRU) in SOLAS for the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs contextualising 2015 vacancy data with what is occurring in the Irish labour market
Future Skills Needs of the Biopharma Industry in Ireland August 2016 
This report reviews the supply of, and demand for, skills within the Biopharma Industry in Ireland up to 2020, with a specific focus on Biologics manufacturing as a growing sub-sector within the industry. It is estimated that 8,400 potential job openings
Regional Labour Markets Bulletin October 2016 
A Report prepared by the Skills and Labour Market Research Unit in SOLAS.
Trends in Education and Training Outputs 
Monitoring Ireland's Skills Supply - A report by the Skills and Labour Market Research Unit (SLMRU) in SOLAS for the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs November 2016
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Current Labour Market Info 4

These sites provide news of current events that relate to our evolving labour market.

IBEC Quarterly Economic Trends 
Download publication in PDF format.
SCSI Employment Opportunities & Skills Requirements for Construction and Property Surveying 2014-18 
New report April 2014 from SCSI outlining the Employment Opportunities and Skills Requirements for Construction and Property Surveying projected from 2014-2018
Shortage of craft/entry level staff in the Hotel Sector 
Hotels and guesthouses are experiencing serious difficulties recruiting suitably qualified craft/entry level staff - IHF Annual Conference 24/2/14
National Skills Bulletin 2015 
The National Skills Bulletin 2015 provides an overview of the Irish labour market at occupational level, drawing on a variety of data sets, which have been systematically gathered in the National Skills Database (NSD) since 2003.

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