Careers rarely develop the way we plan them. Our career path often takes many twists and turns, with particular events, choices and people influencing our direction.

We asked Bryan Daniels from Teagasc to give some advice for people considering this job:

Bryan Daniels

Farmer - Dairy


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Bryan Daniels
The best bit of advice I could give anyone thinking about going into dairy farming is to go out and get experience first hand on a farm. This way you will know if you enjoy it and have a passion to do it first hand. If you do then studying agriculture in school and then onto an ag college is a great foundation to get the required knowledge you will need in the future.

Administrative people are interested in work that offers security and a sense of being part of a larger process. They may be at their best operating under supervisors who give clear guidelines, and performing routine tasks in a methodical and reliable way.

They tend to enjoy clerical and most forms of office work, where they perform essential administrative duties. They often form the backbone of large and small organisations alike. They may enjoy being in charge of office filing systems, and using computers and other office equipment to keep things running smoothly. They usually like routine work hours and prefer comfortable indoor workplaces.
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Labour Market Sector Profiles

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Related Career Sectors

Computers & ICT Computers & ICT

IT Professional Occupations

Key points for selected IT occupations

  • In 2015, there were approximately 59,000 persons employed in the selected IT occupations, representing 2.5% of national employment.
  • 80% of overall employment was concentrated in three sectors: just over a half in IT (mostly in computer programming and consultancy), with almost an additional one-fifth in industry (mostly in computer, electronic and optical manufacturing) and just over 10% in financial, insurance and real estate.
  • Just over 50% of overall employment was concentrated in the IT sector, with almost an additional one fifth in industry (mostly computer, electronic and optical manufacturing).
  • Three quarters of total employment was in professional level occupations (of which, two fifths were programmers and software developers); the remainder was at technician level (mostly IT operations technicians).
  • Between 2010-2015 a net 9,500 additional jobs were created;
  • The largest employment increases were for programmers & software developers (5,500) and ICT operations technicians (2,000)
  • The majority of those employed in IT occupations were aged 25-54
  • Just over 90% of employed IT professionals had third level qualifications; the corresponding share was 70% for technicians
  • Most of those employed in IT occupations were male and worked full-time;
  • One-quarter of employed ICT specialist & project managers and IT operations technicians were female
  • Almost 40% of employed programmers & software developers were non-Irish nationals – over double the national average share of 15%; at 35%, the share of non-Irish IT business analysts & systems designers was also relatively high
  • In Q4 2015, the overall unemployment rate (15-74 year olds) for IT occupations was well below the national rate (3.4% compared to 8.7%).

Shortage Indicators

Although the number of those working in IT occupations is relatively small (2.5% of the workforce), the availability of IT skills is crucial to the Irish economy.

IT skills are playing an increasingly significant role across a variety of sectors (only just over half of all IT workers actually work in the ICT sector, with others mainly in industry, finance and the public sector).

Not only are skills for IT roles (e.g. software developer, IT manager) growing in importance, other non-IT occupations require ever more sophisticated technological competencies. This has led to the emergence of hybrid sectors such as FinTech (a convergence between ICT and financial services), MedTech (medical devices and technology) and programmatics (digital advertising/marketing and ICT) and a need for advanced skills in what have traditionally been separate disciplines (i.e. IT and industry specific skills).

Over the period 2010-2015, employment in IT occupations grew strongly, at 3.6% on average annually outpacing growth in most occupational groups. There were almost 7,300 IT jobs advertised through the PES and portals alone in 2015.

The combined estimates of expansion demand and replacement demand are expected to result in a total annual recruitment requirement of over 6,000.

Many of the job announcements in the media in recent months relate to job creation for IT workers, both within the ICT sector, as well as for IT roles in other sectors; job announcements include those made by Amazon, Kaseya (IT management software), Zeltiq Aesthetis (med-tech), Sportlomo (sports software), Compliance and Risks (financial services), Brown Bag Films (animation studio), Qstream, Microsoft, Malwarebytes (online security), VMWare, Technopath Clinical Diagnostics (software company), Aspira, CBE (retail software), Hortonworks(software provider), Perception Consulting (data analytics), OneView (medical software), Fortuity (cloud technology and data analytics), Accenture and Boxever (data analysis software).

The situation is not unique to Ireland - there is a shortage of IT skills internationally.

Shortages of the following skills have been identified:

  • Programming and software development: programming languages (Java, .net, C++, Python, PHP, Scala, AKKA, Ruby on Rails, VBA); operating systems (iOS, Linux); mobile applications development; web development (CSS, HTML)
  • Cloud computing: MS Azure, AWS (amazon web services), cloud architect
  • InfoSec (IT security): IoT (internet of things), BYOD (bring your own device), data/information security; IT internal audit
  • Web design (niche areas only): particularly web related applications focusing on enhancing users’ online experience (UX) and supporting user interaction (UI)
  • DevOps engineering (developing/testing, process re-engineering and communication skills)
  • IT project management
  • Networking and infrastructure: networking engineer
  • IT business analysis: business intelligence and search engine optimisation
  • Database administration (DBA), big data analytics, data architecture (ETL41) and data warehousing: SQL, Hadoop , Hive, Apache, PIG and Cassandra
  • testing and troubleshooting: software testers; automation test developers; automated performance testers
  • technical support: user support with foreign language skills (German, Nordic).

Labour Market Research 24

These links are to well established sources of information used to review, evaluate and predict changes in our labour market.

Vacancy Overview 2016 - EGFSN 
Detailed analysis of labour market indicators, vacancy trends and difficult to fill vacancies from the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs (May 2017)
Addressing the Demand for Skills in the Freight Transport, Distribution and Logistics Sector in Ireland 2015 2020 
February 2015 EGFSN report assessing the skills and competency requirements for the Freight Transport, Distribution and Logistics sector in Ireland up to 2020
Vacancy Overview 2014 - EFGSN 
The Vacancy Overview 2014 produced May 2015 by the Skills and Labour Market Research Unit in SOLAS on behalf of the EGFSN, draws on data from newly advertised job vacancies in the following sources: DSP Jobs Ireland and The analysis focuses
Monitoring Ireland's Skills Supply 
July 2015 report on those entering and leaving the Irish education system (primary, post-primary,further education and training, and higher education) spanning the ten levels of the National Framework of Qualifications (NFQ)
Regional Labour Markets Bulletin 2015 
Annual report produced by the EGFSN which identifies variations in skills supply and demand across 8 regions (Border, Dublin, Mid East, Mid-West, Midland, South East, South West and West).
Assessment of Future Skills Requirements in the Hospitality Sector in Ireland 2015-2020 
Report from the EGFSN assessing the skills demand within the Hospitality sector in Ireland to 2020 to ensure the right supply of skills to help drive domestic hospitality sector business and employment growth.
Vacancy Overview 2015 - EGFSN May 2016 
A report produced by the Skills and Labour Market Research Unit (SLMRU) in SOLAS for the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs contextualising 2015 vacancy data with what is occurring in the Irish labour market
Future Skills Needs of the Biopharma Industry in Ireland August 2016 
This report reviews the supply of, and demand for, skills within the Biopharma Industry in Ireland up to 2020, with a specific focus on Biologics manufacturing as a growing sub-sector within the industry. It is estimated that 8,400 potential job openings
Regional Labour Markets Bulletin October 2016 
A Report prepared by the Skills and Labour Market Research Unit in SOLAS.
Trends in Education and Training Outputs 
Monitoring Ireland's Skills Supply - A report by the Skills and Labour Market Research Unit (SLMRU) in SOLAS for the Expert Group on Future Skills Needs November 2016
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Current Labour Market Info 4

These sites provide news of current events that relate to our evolving labour market.

IBEC Quarterly Economic Trends 
Download publication in PDF format.
SCSI Employment Opportunities & Skills Requirements for Construction and Property Surveying 2014-18 
New report April 2014 from SCSI outlining the Employment Opportunities and Skills Requirements for Construction and Property Surveying projected from 2014-2018
Shortage of craft/entry level staff in the Hotel Sector 
Hotels and guesthouses are experiencing serious difficulties recruiting suitably qualified craft/entry level staff - IHF Annual Conference 24/2/14
National Skills Bulletin 2015 
The National Skills Bulletin 2015 provides an overview of the Irish labour market at occupational level, drawing on a variety of data sets, which have been systematically gathered in the National Skills Database (NSD) since 2003.

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